• The intellectual growth forum for high school students everywhere

  • FDR vs. the Supreme Court: The Battle for the Meaning of the American Constitution

    Magna / US History

    Athena Kuhelj Bugaric ’24

    Commonwealth School

    Massachusetts, USA

  • Conceptual Metaphor and Eco-temporality in Bảo-Ninh’s The Sorrow of War

    / Literary Theory

    Bui Gia Khanh Pham ’26

    British International School Hanoi

    Hanoi, Vietnam

  • Trousers to Tunics: Examining Cultural Interchange and Conflicts between Celtic and Classical Forces in Ancient Britain

    / World History

    Nolan Wallace ’24

    Horace Mann School

    New York, USA

  • Unmasking Heteronormativity: Laura Mulvey’s Impact on Spectator Identity in Cinema

    / Interdisciplinary:

    Film Studies, Psychology, Gender Studies

    Linh (Harley) Tran ’25

    Mahindra United World of College India

    Maharashtra, India

  • The Global Environmental Impacts of World War I

    Magna / Interdisciplinary:

    Environmental Studies, World History

    Kevin Guo ’24

    University of Toronto Schools

    Ontario, Canada

  • When Policy Prevails: The Rhodesian Defense Forces and the Intricacies of Political Warfare

    / Public Policy

    Sean Burns ’24

    Sayreville War Memorial High School

    New Jersey, USA

  • The Mind-Body Problem: A Critique of Type Identity Theory

    Magna / Philosophy

    Clarence Chen ’24

    Harrow International School Hong Kong

    Hong Kong SAR, China

  • Transnational Solidarity: The Dalit Panthers and the Black Panther Party

    / Political Sociology

    Tanya Syed ’24

    Phillips Exeter Academy

    New Hampshire, USA

  • T.S. Eliot and Political Non-conformism: A Contextual Analysis of Eliot’s Poetry and His Characterisation as a Conservative

    / Interdisciplinary:

    Literature, Politics, European History

    Katherine van Wyk ’25

    St Paul’s Girls’ School

    London, UK

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Featured essay

World History

The Failure of the Schlieffen Plan and Its Impact on the German WWI Strategy

Alexander Knight ’23 | Southbank International School | London, UK | University of Chicago

During the outbreak of World War I, influential figures across Europe failed to predict a prolonged war. While the preliminary forecast by European powers that the war would be truncated has often been cited as evidence of the incompetence among those in power, the fact that these ideas were generally accepted among senior military theorists and strategists suggests that the prolonging factors were hard to detect. This research, therefore, provides an overview of the war and identifies conditions of the war considered as factors contributing to the prolongation of the war. Primary sources were used to substantiate and evaluate perspectives and claims from secondary sources. The analysis uncovered the debate over whether the plan was ever executed; certain perspectives suggested there only ever was a German Moltke plan. While Moltke did make amendments to the plan, many were simply revisions in response to international developments. Moltke’s plan for a large part also used the strategies and principles of warfare outlined by Schlieffen. However, it must be noted that the research indicates that the failure of the Schlieffen plan as well as the amendments by Moltke while preventing a truncated war only extended the war due to trench warfare which was facilitated by developments in health and sanitation conditions as well as technology. As analysis of factors determining the length of a conflict offers valuable insight into forming post-war political and economic decisions, the prolongation of World War I is worthy of study.

  • Katherine van Wyk

    Though I plan to study English literature at university, I have always been interested in modern history, and remain fascinated by the profound influence that personal, political, and historical contexts...

    Katherine van Wyk

    Though I plan to study English literature at university, I have always been interested in modern history, and remain fascinated by the profound influence that personal, political, and historical contexts...

  • Kevin Guo

    My interest in history began after I joined the History Bowl team at my high school. This interest evolved into a passion in the fall of 2022 when I traveled...

    Kevin Guo

    My interest in history began after I joined the History Bowl team at my high school. This interest evolved into a passion in the fall of 2022 when I traveled...

  • Nolan Wallace

    My interest in Celtic history dates back to seeing the movie Braveheart, the story of William Wallace (no relation), a Scottish hero. Although not historically accurate, the movie sparked my...

    Nolan Wallace

    My interest in Celtic history dates back to seeing the movie Braveheart, the story of William Wallace (no relation), a Scottish hero. Although not historically accurate, the movie sparked my...

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  • Public Policy

    History: Greco-Roman, US, European, World

    Art History

    Literature, Literary Theory

    Philosophy

    Sociology

    Interdisciplinary I: Politics, International Relations, Environmental Studies

    Interdisciplinary II: Cultural Studies, Film and Media Studies, Musicology

    Interdisciplinary III: Anthropology, Theology, Psychology, Gender Studies

    * Contents updated periodically.

  • Embark on a scholarly journey through our disciplinary collections, exploring a wide range of subjects in the humanities and social sciences.

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  • Re-placing the Semiotic Bar

    / Philosophy & Literary Theory

    Brian Glucksman ’17

    BASIS Scottsdale

    Arizona, USA

    Excerpt 
  • Denmark’s Distemperment: The Medical and Physical Representations of Political Strife in Hamlet

    / Literature

    Sam Karp ’18

    Collegiate School

    New York, USA

    Abstract 
  • Artemisia Gentileschi: Baroque Master and the Preeminent Caravaggisti

    / Art History

    Elisabeth G Schlossel ’20

    The Spence School

    New York, USA

    Abstract 
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